GitHub Awesome Big Data：大数据框架、论文等实用资源集合。
关系数据库管理系统(RDBMS)MySQL4 世界最流行的开源数据库 PostgreSQL 世界最先进的开源数据库. Oracle Database1 – 对象-关系型数据库管理系统。
框架Apache Hadoop2 – framework for distributed processing. Integrates MapReduce (parallel processing), YARN (job scheduling) and HDFS (distributed file system). Tigon1 – High Throughput Real-time Stream Processing Framework.
分布式编程AddThis Hydra1 – distributed data processing and storage system originally developed at AddThis. AMPLab SIMR – run Spark on Hadoop MapReduce v1. Apache APEX – a unified, enterprise platform for big data stream and batch processing. Apache Beam – an unified model and set of language-specific SDKs for defining and executing data processing workflows. Apache Crunch – a simple Java API for tasks like joining and data aggregation that are tedious to implement on plain MapReduce. Apache DataFu – collection of user-defined functions for Hadoop and Pig developed by LinkedIn. Apache Flink – high-performance runtime, and automatic program optimization. Apache Gora – framework for in-memory data model and persistence. Apache Hama – BSP (Bulk Synchronous Parallel) computing framework. Apache MapReduce1 – programming model for processing large data sets with a parallel, distributed algorithm on a cluster. Apache Pig – high level language to express data analysis programs for Hadoop. Apache REEF – retainable evaluator execution framework to simplify and unify the lower layers of big data systems. Apache S4 – framework for stream processing, implementation of S4. Apache Spark1 – framework for in-memory cluster computing. Apache Spark Streaming1 – framework for stream processing, part of Spark. Apache Storm – framework for stream processing by Twitter also on YARN. Apache Samza – stream processing framework, based on Kafka and YARN. Apache Tez – application framework for executing a complex DAG (directed acyclic graph) of tasks, built on YARN. Apache Twill – abstraction over YARN that reduces the complexity of developing distributed applications. Cascalog – data processing and querying library. Cheetah – High Performance, Custom Data Warehouse on Top of MapReduce. Concurrent Cascading – framework for data management/analytics on Hadoop. Damballa Parkour – MapReduce library for Clojure. Datasalt Pangool – alternative MapReduce paradigm. DataTorrent StrAM – real-time engine is designed to enable distributed, asynchronous, real time in-memory big-data computations in as unblocked a way as possible, with minimal overhead and impact on performance. Facebook Corona – Hadoop enhancement which removes single point of failure. Facebook Peregrine – Map Reduce framework. Facebook Scuba – distributed in-memory datastore. Google Dataflow – create data pipelines to help themæingest, transform and analyze data. Google MapReduce – map reduce framework. Google MillWheel – fault tolerant stream processing framework. JAQL – declarative programming language for working with structured, semi-structured and unstructured data. Kite – is a set of libraries, tools, examples, and documentation focused on making it easier to build systems on top of the Hadoop ecosystem. Metamarkets Druid – framework for real-time analysis of large datasets. Netflix PigPen – map-reduce for Clojure which compiles to Apache Pig. Nokia Disco – MapReduce framework developed by Nokia. Onyx – Distributed computation for the cloud. Pinterest Pinlater – asynchronous job execution system. Pydoop1 – Python MapReduce and HDFS API for Hadoop. Rackerlabs Blueflood – multi-tenant distributed metric processing system Stratosphere – general purpose cluster computing framework. Streamdrill – useful for counting activities of event streams over different time windows and finding the most active one. Tuktu – Easy-to-use platform for batch and streaming computation, built using Scala, Akka and Play! Twitter Heron – Heron is a realtime, distributed, fault-tolerant stream processing engine from Twitter replacing Storm. Twitter Scalding – Scala library for Map Reduce jobs, built on Cascading. Twitter Summingbird – Streaming MapReduce with Scalding and Storm, by Twitter. Twitter TSAR – TimeSeries AggregatoR by Twitter.
分布式文件系统Apache HDFS2 – a way to store large files across multiple machines. BeeGFS – formerly FhGFS, parallel distributed file system. Ceph Filesystem – software storage platform designed. Disco DDFS – distributed filesystem. Facebook Haystack1 – object storage system. Google Colossus – distributed filesystem (GFS2). Google GFS – distributed filesystem. Google Megastore1 – scalable, highly available storage. GridGain – GGFS, Hadoop compliant in-memory file system. Lustre file system – high-performance distributed filesystem. Quantcast File System QFS – open-source distributed file system. Red Hat GlusterFS – scale-out network-attached storage file system. Seaweed-FS – simple and highly scalable distributed file system. Alluxio – reliable file sharing at memory speed across cluster frameworks. Tahoe-LAFS – decentralized cloud storage system.
文档数据模型Actian Versant – commercial object-oriented database management systems . Crate Data – is an open source massively scalable data store. It requires zero administration. Facebook Apollo – Facebook’s Paxos-like NoSQL database. jumboDB – document oriented datastore over Hadoop. LinkedIn Espresso – horizontally scalable document-oriented NoSQL data store. MarkLogic – Schema-agnostic Enterprise NoSQL database technology. MongoDB – Document-oriented database system. RavenDB – A transactional, open-source Document Database. RethinkDB – document database that supports queries like table joins and group by.
Key Map 数据模型
Note: There is some term confusion in the industry, and two different things are called “Columnar Databases”. Some, listed here, are distributed, persistent databases built around the “key-map” data model: all data has a (possibly composite) key, with which a map of key-value pairs is associated. In some systems, multiple such value maps can be associated with a key, and these maps are referred to as “column families” (with value map keys being referred to as “columns”).
Another group of technologies that can also be called “columnar databases” is distinguished by how it stores data, on disk or in memory — rather than storing data the traditional way, where all column values for a given key are stored next to each other, “row by row”, these systems store all columnvalues next to each other. So more work is needed to get all columns for a given key, but less work is needed to get all values for a given column.
The former group is referred to as “key map data model” here. The line between these and the Key-value Data Model stores is fairly blurry.
The latter, being more about the storage format than about the data model, is listed under Columnar Databases.
You can read more about this distinction on Prof. Daniel Abadi’s blog: Distinguishing two major types of Column Stores.Apache Accumulo – distributed key/value store, built on Hadoop. Apache Cassandra – column-oriented distributed datastore, inspired by BigTable. Apache HBase – column-oriented distributed datastore, inspired by BigTable. Facebook HydraBase – evolution of HBase made by Facebook. Google BigTable – column-oriented distributed datastore. Google Cloud Datastore – is a fully managed, schemaless database for storing non-relational data over BigTable. Hypertable – column-oriented distributed datastore, inspired by BigTable. InfiniDB – is accessed through a MySQL interface and use massive parallel processing to parallelize queries. Tephra – Transactions for HBase. Twitter Manhattan – real-time, multi-tenant distributed database for Twitter scale.
键-值数据模型Aerospike – NoSQL flash-optimized, in-memory. Open source and “Server code in ‘C’ (not Java or Erlang) precisely tuned to avoid context switching and memory copies.” Amazon DynamoDB – distributed key/value store, implementation of Dynamo paper. Edis – is a protocol-compatible Server replacement for Redis. ElephantDB – Distributed database specialized in exporting data from Hadoop. EventStore – distributed time series database. GridDB – suitable for sensor data stored in a timeseries. LinkedIn Krati – is a simple persistent data store with very low latency and high throughput. Linkedin Voldemort – distributed key/value storage system. Oracle NoSQL Database – distributed key-value database by Oracle Corporation. Redis – in memory key value datastore. Riak – a decentralized datastore. Storehaus – library to work with asynchronous key value stores, by Twitter. Tarantool – an efficient NoSQL database and a Lua application server. TiKV – a distributed key-value database powered by Rust and inspired by Google Spanner and HBase. TreodeDB – key-value store that’s replicated and sharded and provides atomic multirow writes.
图形数据模型Apache Giraph – implementation of Pregel, based on Hadoop. Apache Spark Bagel – implementation of Pregel, part of Spark. ArangoDB – multi model distributed database. DGraph1 – A scalable, distributed, low latency, high throughput graph database aimed at providing Google production level scale and throughput, with low enough latency to be serving real time user queries, over terabytes of structured data. Facebook TAO – TAO is the distributed data store that is widely used at facebook to store and serve the social graph. GCHQ Gaffer – Gaffer by GCHQ is a framework that makes it easy to store large-scale graphs in which the nodes and edges have statistics. Google Cayley – open-source graph database. Google Pregel – graph processing framework. GraphLab PowerGraph – a core C++ GraphLab API and a collection of high-performance machine learning and data mining toolkits built on top of the GraphLab API. GraphX – resilient Distributed Graph System on Spark. Gremlin – graph traversal Language. Infovore – RDF-centric Map/Reduce framework. Intel GraphBuilder – tools to construct large-scale graphs on top of Hadoop. MapGraph – Massively Parallel Graph processing on GPUs. Neo4j – graph database writting entirely in Java. OrientDB – document and graph database. Phoebus – framework for large scale graph processing. Titan – distributed graph database, built over Cassandra. Twitter FlockDB – distributed graph database.
Note please read the note on Key-Map Data Model section.Columnar Storage – an explanation of what columnar storage is and when you might want it. Actian Vector – column-oriented analytic database. C-Store – column oriented DBMS. MonetDB – column store database. Parquet – columnar storage format for Hadoop. Pivotal Greenplum – purpose-built, dedicated analytic data warehouse that offers a columnar engine as well as a traditional row-based one. Vertica – is designed to manage large, fast-growing volumes of data and provide very fast query performance when used for data warehouses. Google BigQuery Google’s cloud offering backed by their pioneering work on Dremel. Amazon Redshift Amazon’s cloud offering, also based on a columnar datastore backend.
NewSQL数据库Actian Ingres – commercially supported, open-source SQL relational database management system. Amazon RedShift – data warehouse service, based on PostgreSQL. BayesDB – statistic oriented SQL database. CitusDB – scales out PostgreSQL through sharding and replication. Cockroach – Scalable, Geo-Replicated, Transactional Datastore. Datomic – distributed database designed to enable scalable, flexible and intelligent applications. FoundationDB – distributed database, inspired by F1. Google F1 – distributed SQL database built on Spanner. Google Spanner – globally distributed semi-relational database. H-Store – is an experimental main-memory, parallel database management system that is optimized for on-line transaction processing (OLTP) applications. Haeinsa – linearly scalable multi-row, multi-table transaction library for HBase based on Percolator. HandlerSocket – NoSQL plugin for MySQL/MariaDB. InfiniSQL – infinity scalable RDBMS. MemSQL – in memory SQL database witho optimized columnar storage on flash. NuoDB – SQL/ACID compliant distributed database. Oracle TimesTen in-Memory Database – in-memory, relational database management system with persistence and recoverability. Pivotal GemFire XD – Low-latency, in-memory, distributed SQL data store. Provides SQL interface to in-memory table data, persistable in HDFS. SAP HANA – is an in-memory, column-oriented, relational database management system. SenseiDB – distributed, realtime, semi-structured database. Sky – database used for flexible, high performance analysis of behavioral data. SymmetricDS – open source software for both file and database synchronization. Map-D – GPU in-memory database, big data analysis and visualization platform TiDB – TiDB is a distributed SQL database. Inspired by the design of Google F1. VoltDB – claims to be fastest in-memory database
时间序列数据库Cube1 – uses MongoDB to store time series data. Axibase Time Series Database – distributed time series database on top of HBase. Includes built-in Rule Engine, data forecasting and visualization. Heroic – is a scalable time series database based on Cassandra and Elasticsearch. InfluxDB – distributed time series database. Kairosdb – similar to OpenTSDB but allows for Cassandra. OpenTSDB1 – distributed time series database on top of HBase. Prometheus – a time series database and service monitoring system Newts – a time series database based on Apache Cassandra
SQL-like processingActian SQL for Hadoop – high performance interactive SQL access to all Hadoop data. Apache Drill – framework for interactive analysis, inspired by Dremel. Apache HCatalog – table and storage management layer for Hadoop. Apache Hive – SQL-like data warehouse system for Hadoop. Apache Optiq – framework that allows efficient translation of queries involving heterogeneous and federated data. Apache Phoenix – SQL skin over HBase. Cloudera Impala – framework for interactive analysis, Inspired by Dremel. Concurrent Lingual – SQL-like query language for Cascading. Datasalt Splout SQL – full SQL query engine for big datasets. Facebook PrestoDB – distributed SQL query engine. Google BigQuery – framework for interactive analysis, implementation of Dremel. Pivotal HAWQ – SQL-like data warehouse system for Hadoop. RainstorDB – database for storing petabyte-scale volumes of structured and semi-structured data. Spark Catalyst – is a Query Optimization Framework for Spark and Shark. SparkSQL – Manipulating Structured Data Using Spark. Splice Machine – a full-featured SQL-on-Hadoop RDBMS with ACID transactions. Stinger – interactive query for Hive. Tajo – distributed data warehouse system on Hadoop. Trafodion – enterprise-class SQL-on-HBase solution targeting big data transactional or operational workloads.
Data IngestionAmazon Kinesis – real-time processing of streaming data at massive scale. Apache Chukwa – data collection system. Apache Flume – service to manage large amount of log data. Apache Kafka – distributed publish-subscribe messaging system. Apache Sqoop – tool to transfer data between Hadoop and a structured datastore. Cloudera Morphlines – framework that help ETL to Solr, HBase and HDFS. Facebook Scribe – streamed log data aggregator. Fluentd – tool to collect events and logs. Google Photon – geographically distributed system for joining multiple continuously flowing streams of data in real-time with high scalability and low latency. Heka – open source stream processing software system. HIHO – framework for connecting disparate data sources with Hadoop. Kestrel – distributed message queue system. LinkedIn Databus – stream of change capture events for a database. LinkedIn Kamikaze – utility package for compressing sorted integer arrays. LinkedIn White Elephant – log aggregator and dashboard. Logstash – a tool for managing events and logs. Netflix Suro – log agregattor like Storm and Samza based on Chukwa. Pinterest Secor – is a service implementing Kafka log persistance. Linkedin Gobblin – linkedin’s universal data ingestion framework. Skizze – sketch data store to deal with all problems around counting and sketching using probabilistic data-structures. StreamSets Data Collector – continuous big data ingest infrastructure with a simple to use IDE.
Service ProgrammingAkka Toolkit – runtime for distributed, and fault tolerant event-driven applications on the JVM. Apache Avro – data serialization system. Apache Curator – Java libaries for Apache ZooKeeper. Apache Karaf – OSGi runtime that runs on top of any OSGi framework. Apache Thrift – framework to build binary protocols. Apache Zookeeper – centralized service for process management. Google Chubby – a lock service for loosely-coupled distributed systems. Linkedin Norbert – cluster manager. OpenMPI – message passing framework. Serf – decentralized solution for service discovery and orchestration. Spotify Luigi – a Python package for building complex pipelines of batch jobs. It handles dependency resolution, workflow management, visualization, handling failures, command line integration, and much more. Spring XD – distributed and extensible system for data ingestion, real time analytics, batch processing, and data export. Twitter Elephant Bird – libraries for working with LZOP-compressed data. Twitter Finagle – asynchronous network stack for the JVM.
SchedulingApache Aurora – is a service scheduler that runs on top of Apache Mesos. Apache Falcon – data management framework. Apache Oozie – workflow job scheduler. Chronos – distributed and fault-tolerant scheduler. Linkedin Azkaban – batch workflow job scheduler. Schedoscope – Scala DSL for agile scheduling of Hadoop jobs. Sparrow – scheduling platform. Airflow – a platform to programmatically author, schedule and monitor workflows.
BenchmarkingApache Hadoop Benchmarking – micro-benchmarks for testing Hadoop performances. Berkeley SWIM Benchmark – real-world big data workload benchmark. Intel HiBench – a Hadoop benchmark suite. PUMA Benchmarking1 – benchmark suite for MapReduce applications. Yahoo Gridmix3 – Hadoop cluster benchmarking from Yahoo engineer team.
SecurityApache Eagle – real time monitoring solution Apache Knox Gateway – single point of secure access for Hadoop clusters. Apache Sentry – security module for data stored in Hadoop.
System DeploymentApache Ambari – operational framework for Hadoop mangement. Apache Bigtop – system deployment framework for the Hadoop ecosystem. Apache Helix – cluster management framework. Apache Mesos – cluster manager. Apache Slider – is a YARN application to deploy existing distributed applications on YARN. Apache Whirr – set of libraries for running cloud services. Apache YARN – Cluster manager. Brooklyn – library that simplifies application deployment and management. Buildoop – Similar to Apache BigTop based on Groovy language. Cloudera HUE – web application for interacting with Hadoop. Facebook Prism – multi datacenters replication system. Google Borg – job scheduling and monitoring system. Google Omega – job scheduling and monitoring system. Hortonworks HOYA – application that can deploy HBase cluster on YARN. Marathon – Mesos framework for long-running services.
ApplicationsAdobe spindle – Next-generation web analytics processing with Scala, Spark, and Parquet. Apache Kiji1 – framework to collect and analyze data in real-time, based on HBase. Apache Nutch – open source web crawler. Apache OODT – capturing, processing and sharing of data for NASA’s scientific archives. Apache Tika – content analysis toolkit. Argus – Time series monitoring and alerting platform. Countly – open source mobile and web analytics platform, based on Node.js & MongoDB. Domino – Run, scale, share, and deploy models — without any infrastructure. Eclipse BIRT – Eclipse-based reporting system. Eventhub – open source event analytics platform. Hermes – asynchronous message broker built on top of Kafka. HIPI Library – API for performing image processing tasks on Hadoop’s MapReduce. Hunk – Splunk analytics for Hadoop. Imhotep – Large scale analytics platform by indeed. MADlib – data-processing library of an RDBMS to analyze data. Kylin – open source Distributed Analytics Engine from eBay. PivotalR – R on Pivotal HD / HAWQ and PostgreSQL. Qubole – auto-scaling Hadoop cluster, built-in data connectors. Sense – Cloud Platform for Data Science and Big Data Analytics. SnappyData – a distributed in-memory data store for real-time operational analytics, delivering stream analytics, OLTP (online transaction processing) and OLAP (online analytical processing) built on Spark in a single integrated cluster. Snowplow – enterprise-strength web and event analytics, powered by Hadoop, Kinesis, Redshift and Postgres. SparkR – R frontend for Spark. Splunk – analyzer for machine-generated data. Sumo Logic – cloud based analyzer for machine-generated data. Talend – unified open source environment for YARN, Hadoop, HBASE, Hive, HCatalog & Pig. Warp – query by example tool for big data (OS X app)
Search engine and frameworkApache Lucene1 – Search engine library. Apache Solr – Search platform for Apache Lucene. ElasticSearch – Search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene. Enigma.io – Freemium robust web application for exploring, filtering, analyzing, searching and exporting massive datasets scraped from across the Web. Facebook Unicorn – social graph search platform. Google Caffeine – continuous indexing system. Google Percolator – continuous indexing system. TeraGoogle – large search index. HBase Coprocessor – implementation of Percolator, part of HBase. Lily HBase Indexer – quickly and easily search for any content stored in HBase. LinkedIn Bobo – is a Faceted Search implementation written purely in Java, an extension to Apache Lucene. LinkedIn Cleo – is a flexible software library for enabling rapid development of partial, out-of-order and real-time typeahead search. LinkedIn Galene – search architecture at LinkedIn. LinkedIn Zoie – is a realtime search/indexing system written in Java. Sphinx Search Server – fulltext search engine.
MySQL forks and evolutionsAmazon RDS – MySQL databases in Amazon’s cloud. Drizzle – evolution of MySQL 6.0. Google Cloud SQL – MySQL databases in Google’s cloud. MariaDB – enhanced, drop-in replacement for MySQL. MySQL Cluster – MySQL implementation using NDB Cluster storage engine. Percona Server – enhanced, drop-in replacement for MySQL. ProxySQL – High Performance Proxy for MySQL. TokuDB – TokuDB is a storage engine for MySQL and MariaDB. WebScaleSQL – is a collaboration among engineers from several companies that face similar challenges in running MySQL at scale.
PostgreSQL forks and evolutionsHadoopDB – hybrid of MapReduce and DBMS. IBM Netezza – high-performance data warehouse appliances. Postgres-XL – Scalable Open Source PostgreSQL-based Database Cluster. RecDB – Open Source Recommendation Engine Built Entirely Inside PostgreSQL. Stado – open source MPP database system solely targeted at data warehousing and data mart applications. Yahoo Everest – multi-peta-byte database / MPP derived by PostgreSQL.
Memcached forks and evolutionsFacebook McDipper – key/value cache for flash storage. Facebook Memcached – fork of Memcache. Twemproxy – A fast, light-weight proxy for memcached and redis. Twitter Fatcache – key/value cache for flash storage. Twitter Twemcache – fork of Memcache.
Embedded DatabasesActian PSQL – ACID-compliant DBMS developed by Pervasive Software, optimized for embedding in applications. BerkeleyDB – a software library that provides a high-performance embedded database for key/value data. HanoiDB – Erlang LSM BTree Storage. LevelDB1 – a fast key-value storage library written at Google that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string values. LMDB – ultra-fast, ultra-compact key-value embedded data store developed by Symas. RocksDB – embeddable persistent key-value store for fast storage based on LevelDB.
Business IntelligenceBIME Analytics – business intelligence platform in the cloud. Chartio – lean business intelligence platform to visualize and explore your data. datapine – self-service business intelligence tool in the cloud. Jaspersoft – powerful business intelligence suite. Jedox Palo – customisable Business Intelligence platform. Microsoft – business intelligence software and platform. Microstrategy – software platforms for business intelligence, mobile intelligence, and network applications. Pentaho – business intelligence platform. Qlik – business intelligence and analytics platform. Saiku – open source analytics platform. SpagoBI – open source business intelligence platform. Tableau – business intelligence platform. Zoomdata – Big Data Analytics. Jethrodata – Interactive Big Data Analytics.
Internet of things and sensor dataTempoIQ – Cloud-based sensor analytics. 2lemetry – Platform for Internet of things. Pubnub – Data stream network ThingWorx – Rapid development and connection of intelligent systems IFTTT – If this then that Evrything– Making products smart
Interesting ReadingsBig Data Benchmark1 – Benchmark of Redshift, Hive, Shark, Impala and Stiger/Tez. NoSQL Comparison – Cassandra vs MongoDB vs CouchDB vs Redis vs Riak vs HBase vs Couchbase vs Neo4j vs Hypertable vs ElasticSearch vs Accumulo vs VoltDB vs Scalaris comparison. The big data successor of the spreadsheet. On what the successor of the spreadsheet should look like for big data.
2015 – 20162015 – Facebook – One Trillion Edges: Graph Processing at Facebook-Scale.
2013 – 20142014 – Stanford – Mining of Massive Datasets. 2013 – AMPLab – Presto: Distributed Machine Learning and Graph Processing with Sparse Matrices. 2013 – AMPLab – MLbase: A Distributed Machine-learning System. 2013 – AMPLab – Shark: SQL and Rich Analytics at Scale. 2013 – AMPLab – GraphX: A Resilient Distributed Graph System on Spark. 2013 – Google – HyperLogLog in Practice: Algorithmic Engineering of a State of The Art Cardinality Estimation Algorithm. 2013 – Microsoft – Scalable Progressive Analytics on Big Data in the Cloud. 2013 – Metamarkets – Druid: A Real-time Analytical Data Store. 2013 – Google – Online, Asynchronous Schema Change in F1. 2013 – Google – F1: A Distributed SQL Database That Scales. 2013 – Google – MillWheel: Fault-Tolerant Stream Processing at Internet Scale. 2013 – Facebook – Scuba: Diving into Data at Facebook. 2013 – Facebook – Unicorn: A System for Searching the Social Graph. 2013 – Facebook – Scaling Memcache at Facebook.
2011 – 20122012 – Twitter – The Unified Logging Infrastructure
for Data Analytics at Twitter. 2012 – AMPLab – Blink and It’s Done: Interactive Queries on Very Large Data. 2012 – AMPLab – Fast and Interactive Analytics over Hadoop Data with Spark. 2012 – AMPLab – Shark: Fast Data Analysis Using Coarse-grained Distributed Memory. 2012 – Microsoft – Paxos Replicated State Machines as the Basis of a High-Performance Data Store. 2012 – Microsoft – Paxos Made Parallel. 2012 – AMPLab – BlinkDB: Queries with Bounded Errors and Bounded Response Times on Very Large Data. 2012 – Google – Processing a trillion cells per mouse click. 2012 – Google – Spanner: Google’s Globally-Distributed Database. 2011 – AMPLab – Scarlett: Coping with Skewed Popularity Content in MapReduce Clusters. 2011 – AMPLab – Mesos: A Platform for Fine-Grained Resource Sharing in the Data Center. 2011 – Google – Megastore: Providing Scalable, Highly Available Storage for Interactive Services.
2001 – 20102010 – Facebook – Finding a needle in Haystack: Facebook’s photo storage. 2010 – AMPLab – Spark: Cluster Computing with Working Sets. 2010 – Google – Storage Architecture and Challenges. 2010 – Google – Pregel: A System for Large-Scale Graph Processing. 2010 – Google – Large-scale Incremental Processing Using Distributed Transactions and Notiﬁcations base of Percolator and Caffeine. 2010 – Google – Dremel: Interactive Analysis of Web-Scale Datasets. 2010 – Yahoo – S4: Distributed Stream Computing Platform. 2009 – HadoopDB: An Architectural Hybrid of MapReduce and DBMS Technologies for Analytical Workloads. 2008 – AMPLab – Chukwa: A large-scale monitoring system. 2007 – Amazon – Dynamo: Amazon’s Highly Available Key-value Store. 2006 – Google – The Chubby lock service for loosely-coupled distributed systems. 2006 – Google – Bigtable: A Distributed Storage System for Structured Data. 2004 – Google – MapReduce: Simplied Data Processing on Large Clusters. 2003 – Google – The Google File System.
Data VisualizationThe beauty of data visualization1 Designing Data Visualizations with Noah Iliinsky Hans Rosling’s 200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 Minutes Ice Bucket Challenge Data Visualization
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